Woodcock require four different types of habitat on the species' northern breeding range:
- Singing Grounds: These are the first places that woodcock home in on when they return north in the spring. Singing grounds are openings in brushy and wooded areas where the male birds sing and fly when trying to attract females for breeding.
- Feeding Habitats: Woodcock spend the day feeding in these thick, brushy places.
- Roosting Fields: In late evening, woodcock fly to these partially open areas and spend the night roosting in the ground.
- Nesting and Brood-Rearing Habitats: Woodcock hens nest in these areas and then raise their chicks here.